Titanium-based compounds and materials are essential for many products, industries and a broad range of applications. Titanium metal and their alloys are regarded as chemically stable, inert and high strength materials. It is used in structural components in space shuttles, airplanes, biomedical implants, construction materials and so on. Titanium oxide nanoparticles and surfaces are extensively used in surface coatings, catalysts, cosmetics, UV-protective coatings, and creams. They also have applications is the medical field and are used in water splitting to generate hydrogen fuel.